Herskovitz v. Hershkovich, 2005 WL 2254003, 30 Fla. L. Weekly D2209 (Fla. 5th DCA Sept. 16, 2005) (Trial Court Affirmed) This case is yet another example of why probate litigation can be especially challenging. Not only must counsel in these cases have the ability to quickly spot the often highly technical probate-law issues in play in the relatively short period of time permitted to challenge a will in probate, he or she must also be sufficiently knowledgeable in civil procedure and trial techniques to successfully venture into the litigation arena. The decedent’s surviving brother in this case challenged the validity of a second codicil to his brother’s will (which completely cut him out of the estate) on the grounds that the two attesting witnesses to that codicil were unaware of the testamentary nature of the instrument they were signing. In other words, counsel for surviving brother correctly identified a substantive issue under Florida probate law that favored his client. Counsel made this argument when he successfully opposed a summary judgment motion filed by the surviving spouse. So far, so good. Unfortunately, counsel failed to make this argument again when the probate court conducted an evidentiary hearing on the matter . . . thereby waiving the issue on appeal. The Fifth District Court of Appeal summed up its ruling on this point as follows:

In [his memorandum opposing summary judgement, surviving brother] contended questions of fact existed as to whether the witnesses could authenticate the documents. Subsequently, the trial court denied [surviving spouse’s] motion for summary judgment. Once the summary judgment was denied, it was incumbent upon [surviving brother] to present whatever arguments and documents he believed relevant to determining those questions of fact to the trial court at the evidentiary hearing. By failing to do so, he waived this issue for appellate review.