There is often an inherent conflict of interest between the current and remainder beneficiaries of a trust. There are two ways to address that issue: provide for contemporaneous trust distributions to family members or explicitly override the trustee’s duty of impartiality between current and remainder beneficiaries under F.S. 736.0803. For example, if the trust is created for the life-time support of a client’s child or surviving spouse but the client also wants to allow trust assets to be distributed to each child’s own family, the following clause should be considered:
Distributions to Family. The Trustee shall pay or apply such sums of income or principal from each beneficiary’s separate trust as in the Trustee’s discretion are necessary or advisable for that beneficiary’s health, education, support, and maintenance, or as any Corporate Trustee in its discretion determines to be in that beneficiary’s best interests. After being reasonably assured that the beneficiary has sufficient means for his or her continued support, the Trustee in its discretion also may pay any sums of income or principal that it deems necessary or advisable for the health, education, support, and maintenance of the beneficiary’s descendants, or as any Independent Trustee in its discretion determines to be in their best interests, either individually or collectively.
With respect to the second approach, the following is an example of language explicitly overriding the trustee’s duty of impartiality between current and remainder beneficiaries:
Duty of Impartiality. In exercising its discretion to make distributions to or for the beneficiary of this trust, the trustee shall consider the needs of the remainder beneficiaries to be subordinate to the interests of the current beneficiaries. No good faith decision to invade principal for the benefit of a current beneficiary shall be subject to challenge by any remainder beneficiary.